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What is SAP accounting

The advent of digitalisation in the modern world has transformed the working methodologies of organisations. In such a scenario, Industries of distinct functionalities have witnessed the introduction of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) software like SAP in their processes. One such example is SAP Accounting.

In this blog, you’ll discover how SAP Accounting can transform your organisation's Financial Management processes. You'll also discuss the benefits of this Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) software and how it can streamline your Accounting operations. 

Table of Contents 

1) SAP Accounting – An overview 

2) What are the components of SAP Accounting?  

3) Types of SAP Modules  

4) How to improve SAP capabilities?  

5) What are the benefits of using SAP in Accounting?  

6) Conclusion 

SAP Accounting – An overview   

SAP Accounting refers to the Financial Accounting module within the ERP system. It is designed to support the Financial Accounting activities of an organisation by providing tools for managing transactions. SAP in Accounting offers a range of features such as: 

a) Automated posting of transactions 

b) Real-time reporting 

c) Easy integration with third-party systems 

d) Financial analysis reports 

e) Real-time insights into financial performance 

These features help the users of SAP in Accounting to make informed decisions about their financial performance, and adjust their finances to improve profitability and efficiency. SAP in Accounting can also be customised to fit the specific needs of an organisation, making it a flexible and scalable solution for enterprises of all sizes and industries.

What are the components of SAP Accounting?

Listed below are seven key components of SAP Accounting:  

Components of SAP Accounting

1) SAP General Ledger (GL) 

SAP General Ledger (SAP GL) is a module within the ERP system that manages the financial transactions and Accounting data of a business. It serves as the central repository for all financial information, allowing for efficient and accurate reporting, budgeting, and analysis.  

SAP GL supports a variety of Accounting methods and standards, including Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), and provides flexibility in configuring chart of Accounts, posting rules, and reporting requirements. It also includes features such as real-time updates, automatic reconciliation, and multi-currency support. With this module, organisations can streamline their financial operations and gain greater visibility into their financial health. 

2) SAP Accounts Payable and Receivable (AP & AR) 

SAP Accounts Payable (AP) and Accounts Receivable (AR) are modules within the ERP system that help manage a company's financial transactions related to its customers and vendors. The Accounts Payable module manages the process of recording and paying vendor invoices, while the Accounts Receivable module manages the process of recording and collecting payments from customers.  

Both modules automate the processes of invoicing, payment processing, and reporting, which can help improve efficiency and accuracy. SAP AP and AR also provide features such as payment reminders, credit management, and dispute resolution, which can help businesses manage their cash flow and avoid insolvency risks. With these two modules, businesses can maintain a complete and accurate record of all financial transactions and have better control over their financial operations. 

Join our SAP Finance and Controlling FICO Training course to gain knowledge of how Accounting data can be represented using SAP. 

3) SAP Banking  

SAP Banking is a module within the ERP system that provides organisations and financial institutions with a comprehensive platform to manage their banking operations. The module encompasses a broad range of functions, including transaction processing, Risk Management, Accounting, and reporting. Additionally, it enables banks to manage their customer Accounts, loans, and deposits, as well as handle cash management, credit risk analysis, and regulatory compliance.  

SAP Banking can also help financial institutions streamline their operations, increase efficiency, and reduce costs while maintaining compliance with regulatory requirements. The module is highly configurable and can be customised to meet the specific needs of individual banks, making it a flexible solution for financial institutions of all sizes. 

4) SAP Asset Accounting 

SAP Asset Accounting is a module within the ERP system that manages a company's fixed assets. The module allows companies to track, manage, and depreciate their physical assets, such as buildings, equipment, and vehicles, over their useful life. It also provides a comprehensive view of assets across the organisation, enabling companies to make informed decisions about capital expenditures, maintenance, and disposal. Additionally, it supports multiple depreciation methods and can handle complex depreciation calculations for different asset classes.  

SAP Asset Accounting also provides tools for managing asset acquisitions, retirements, and transfers, as well as tracking maintenance and repair costs. With this module, companies can maintain an accurate and up-to-date record of their fixed assets and ensure compliance with Accounting standards and regulations. The module integrates with other SAP Modules, such as General Ledger and Controlling, to provide a complete Financial Management solution.

5) SAP Funds Management (FM) 

SAP Funds Management (SAP FM) is a module within the ERP system that allows enterprises to manage their budgets and financial resources more effectively. It enables users to plan, allocate, and monitor funds across different departments and cost centres, ensuring that financial resources are used efficiently and in accordance with organisational goals.  

SAP FM provides a range of tools for budget planning, including automated workflows for creating, approving, and monitoring budgets, as well as tools for analysing financial data and forecasting future spending. It also supports integration with other modules, such as Controlling and Project System, providing a comprehensive solution for managing financial resources across an organisation.

6) SAP Travel Management 

This SAP module handles the activities related to business trips arranged by and within an organisation. Activities recorded in this module include approvals, bookings, expenditures, and travel credits. The module enables employees to request, plan, and book a business trip, create expense reports, and transfer funds from other business functions to cover the costs. 

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7) SAP Legal Content Management 

This SAP module supports the management of processes related to the production, review, and governance of legal content. The SAP Legal Content Management system provides a central database for all legal documents, such as contracts, policies, and non-disclosure agreements. By consolidating these legal documents in a single source, it allows managers to gain insight into current and accurate legal information.

SAP Financial Accounting Training


Types of SAP Modules  

SAP modules are different types of software components that provide various functionalities for business processes. SAP modules are grouped into two main types: 

1) Functional modules provide business features like Human Resources, order processing and Business Intelligence, which are the front end of SAP 

2) Technical modules are used to manage your environment, development, and updates, which are the back end of SAP  

Some of the most popular functional SAP modules are: 

SAP Financial Accounting (FI) 

This module handles all the financial transactions and Accounting activities of an organisation. It records and reports financial data such as general ledgers, Accounts payable, Accounts receivable, asset Accounting, bank Accounting, and tax Accounting. 

SAP Controlling (CO) 

This module supports the planning, monitoring, and analysis of the costs and revenues of an organisation. It helps in managing internal orders, profit centres, cost centres, profitability analysis, and product costing. 

SAP Materials Management (MM) 

This module manages the procurement, inventory, and movement of materials within an organisation. It covers functions such as purchasing, issuing of goods, invoice verification, inventory valuation, and material requirement planning. 

SAP Sales and Distribution (SD) 

This module handles the sales and distribution activities of an organisation. It covers functions such as sales order processing, pricing, billing, shipping, delivery, Credit Management, and customer service. 

SAP Production Planning (PP) 

This module supports the planning and execution of the production processes of an organisation. It covers functions such as Demand Management, material planning, capacity planning, Production Order Management, shop floor control, and product costing. 

Some of the most popular technical SAP modules are: 

SAP Advanced Business Application Programming (ABAP) 

ABAP is the programming language used to develop and customise SAP applications. ABAP allows developers to create reports, forms, interfaces, enhancements, and modifications for SAP systems. 

SAP Basis 

ABAP Basis is the system administration module that manages the technical aspects of SAP systems. Basis includes functions such as installation, configuration, maintenance, security, performance tuning, backup and recovery, and user administration. 

SAP NetWeaver 

SAP NetWeaver is aplatform that integrates SAP applications with other systems and technologies. NetWeaver provides services such as Business Intelligence, portal, process integration, Master Data Management, mobile infrastructure, and development tools. 


ABAP HANA is the in-memory database that powers SAP applications with high performance and real-time analytics. HANA enables faster data processing, simplified data modelling, and advanced analytical capabilities. 

How to improve SAP capabilities?  

If you want to pursue a career in Finance or Project Management, you might want to learn more about SAP Accounting and financial modules. Here are some ways you can boost your knowledge and skills using SAP Database systems:

1) Join in specialised courses  

After you've decided you want to learn more about SAP Accounting, you can look for courses in SAP systems in the categories of Accounting, Finance (FI), or Financial Controlling (FICO). Some organisations offer online courses or certificate programs for you to improve your general SAP FICO skills. It's also beneficial to have a degree or diploma in Finance or Accounting to build a solid foundation of the core Accounting concepts and principles used in the system.  

2) Browse online tutorials  

If you're working with an SAP system and need specific information about how to do a function, you can search for online tutorials to help you use the system. There are several online resources available to help users navigate and understand SAP systems in various formats to suit their needs. Your workplace might also offer training sessions to help you learn their specific system and how to do basic functions within the software.  

3) Practise your skills  

The best way to develop your SAP capabilities is to practise the skills you've learned. As with any new software, using the platform and processes regularly becomes easier. You also must ensure continuous learning.

Get to know how SAP can influence the business processes in your organisations by signing up for our SAP Training courses!  

What are the benefits of using SAP in Accounting?   

The following are the main Benefits of SAP usage in accounting:

a) Integration: SAP integrates all financial transactions with other business operations, such as production, sales, and inventory, making it easy to access financial data and ensuring accuracy.  

b) Centralisation: SAP centralises all financial data in one place, eliminating the need for separate software systems for each Accounting function. Additionally, this will streamline the Accounting process, making it easier to manage financial data. 

c) Automation: SAP automates many manual Accounting processes such as data entry, calculations and reporting, reducing the risk of errors and saving time.  

d) Reporting: SAP provides a wide range of financial reports and analytics, giving Accountants, the organisation and other stakeholders real-time access to accurate financial information. This enables them to make informed decisions and identify potential issues or threats quickly.  

e) Compliance: SAP helps organisations comply with financial regulation and international standards as Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) by providing automated financial control and audit trails.  

f) Scalability and flexibility: SAP is scalable and flexible, which implies that it can grow with your business, making it an ideal long-term Accounting solution for small, medium, and large companies. The scalability also helps with organisations being able to restructure without having to worry about their financial processes being affected.    


As businesses continue to grow, adapt, and evolve, the need for powerful Accounting software will only become more important. SAP Accounting has proven itself to be a reliable and effective solution, providing businesses with the necessary tools to succeed in a rapidly changing global marketplace. By implementing the software in their Accounting processes, businesses have improved overall accuracy and gained valuable insights into their financial performance. 

Attain a comprehensive understanding of how SAP and Financial Accounting can be efficiently integrated by joining our SAP Financial Accounting course

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