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What is Scrum?

<p>Scrum is an agile framework that enhances punctuality and quality of software delivery, through encouraging short, high-effort, collaborative, and extremely productive team “sprints”, instead of working on a longitudinal, motivation-deflating, and resource-consuming project. A Scrum Team consists of a <a href="https://www.theknowledgeacademy.com/uk/courses/scrum-training/scrum-master-training/">Scrum Master</a>, a <a href="https://www.theknowledgeacademy.com/uk/courses/scrum-training/scrum-product-owner-training/">Scrum Product Owner</a>, and the <a href="https://www.theknowledgeacademy.com/uk/courses/scrum-training/scrum-developer/">Scrum Development team</a>.</p> <p> </p> <p>Scrum is a sub-sector of Agile that encourages projects to be completed efficiently to enhance time-to-market speeds, final product quality, and to promote transparency of project operations. Working in small 2-4 week sprints to incrementally work towards a finalised product, Scrum teams follow a set process involving sprint planning, daily Scrum meetings, sprint reviews, and retrospective meetings - ensuring that the project is working towards its pre-stated objective and vision.</p> <p> </p> <p>More organisations now use Agile over traditional waterfall methods of project management and product delivery, and it is estimated that 84% of organisations using Agile methodology, utilise the Scrum framework - demonstrating its popularity and proliferation since its origination. The Scrum framework is very light and has a clear process strategy to follow - specialists are scheduled to do tasks that are within their expert realms, rather than a new individual trying to be a ‘master of all’ character and going through the lengthy resource-exhausting process of learning a skill from scratch.</p> <p> </p> <p>Crucially, Scrum is a framework and is not a methodology - it gives guidance on how to develop products and manage projects efficiently, punctually, and without wasting resources or time, it does not explicitly state the step-by-step process of how a project should be organised. This fact has contributed to the success of the Scrum framework, as it is lightweight and implementation does not require stringent processes to be adhered to - justifying its finalised product, Scrum teams follow a set process involving sprint planning, daily Scrum meetings, sprint reviews, and retrospective meetings - ensuring that the project is working towards its pre-stated objective and vision.</p> <p> </p> <p>More organisations now use Agile over traditional waterfall methods of project management and product delivery, and it is estimated that 84% of organisations using Agile methodology, utilise the Scrum framework - demonstrating its popularity and proliferation since its origination. The Scrum framework is very light and has a clear process strategy to follow - specialists are scheduled to do tasks that are within their expert realms, rather than a new individual trying to be a ‘master of all’ character and going through the lengthy resource-exhausting process of learning a skill from scratch.</p> <p> </p> <p>Crucially, Scrum is a framework and is not a methodology - it gives guidance on how to develop products and manage projects efficiently, punctually, and without wasting resources or time, it does not explicitly state the step-by-step process of how a project should be organised. This fact has contributed to the success of the Scrum framework, as it is lightweight and implementation does not require stringent processes to be adhered to - justifying its versatility and tailorability to a number of different projects.</p> <p> </p> <p>Central foci of the Scrum framework include transparency, inspection, and adaptations - all of which guide and determine the team’s operational flow. Within the inspection and adaptation phases, consideration is given for Scrum Events, including:</p> <ul> <li> <p>Sprint Planning</p> </li> <li> <p>Daily Scrum - a 15 minute development team meeting to set an agenda and target for the day’s project objectives</p> </li> <li> <p>Sprint Reviews - a feedback-based meeting to appraise the project advances made during the day and identify work in the Sprint backlog</p> </li> <li> <p>Retrospective Sprints </p> </li> </ul>