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What is Scrum Methodology?

Scrum is the most well-known and simple Agile framework. It assists individuals, groups, and organisations produce value by developing flexible solutions to challenging issues. Scrum Methodology helps manage projects with cross-functional teams to deliver a functional component from conception to completion. Scrum Methodology finds its application in many projects other than just Software Development.    

Scrum Methodology is a tried-and-tested technique. It is frequently used to simplify the work of the development teams and help them maintain the applications. This iterative cycle can be repeated as long as enough work items are finished by working in sprints of shorter duration. According to the State of Agile Report, four out of five organisations use Agile and Scrum teams to manage their work and ensure it is completed efficiently and effectively. Read this blog to discover What is Scrum Methodology is and how it helps in Project Management to create better results faster. 

Table of Contents 

1) What is Scrum Methodology?

2) Scrum Process and Strategy

3) Members representing a Scrum Team

4) Events in Scrum Methodology

5) How is Scrum helpful in Project Management?

6) How do Scrum and Agile vary from one another?

7) How can Scrum Development teams adopt DevOps?

8) Conclusion

What is Scrum Methodology?

Scrum Methodology manages projects with cross-functional teams, each equipped to deliver a functional component from conception to completion. It is an Agile framework that is quick, flexible, and effective and is designed to deliver value to the customer throughout the project's development. In addition, it also focuses on high progress visibility. 

Its primary goal is to meet the customer's needs by fostering a culture of open communication, shared accountability, and constant improvement. The Scrum Methodology serves as a roadmap for transparency, inspection, and adaptation as a team that creates the product from an idea, working from a dynamic list of the most important things to do. The development process begins with a general understanding of what must be created, developing a list of qualities the product owner wants. 

Although it can be helpful for many different types of businesses, there are some places where this methodology proves fruitful. It is advantageous for organisations that prioritise results over the tracking of process progress. This is because being innovative and efficient drives better results rather than a fixed and detailed process, which is what Scrum focuses on.   

Scrum Methodologies can aid businesses that create customisable products. Scrum's flexibility to change makes it essential for meeting customer demands. The projects that require teams to finish a backlog are best suited for the Scrum Methodology. It simplifies complex projects by breaking down each process into manageable pieces. 
 

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Principles of Scrum for project success

Scrum is a way of working together in a team to get things done effectively. It has some important principles and values that guide how it works. Here are few principles.

a) Transparency: In a team, it's crucial that everyone is aware of the difficulties others might be dealing with. Constant face-to-face conversations among team members with different skills and the person in charge of the project help prevent misunderstandings. It also helps to keep information flow smooth.

b) Reflection: In Scrum, teams often stop their work to check how everyone are doing the work. Project Managers listen to insights to make improved decisions in the future. This helps projects go smoothly while staying within budget and finishing on time.

c) Adaptation: In Scrum, team members can change the order of their tasks as per the customer’s need. In that way they will have an idea about which tasks to finish first and which to work on in future.

Values of Scrum for project teams

There are mainly four values Project teams in Scrum follows which are discussed below.

a) Commitment:  Scrum team members are always focussed on finishing tasks on time. They also work to make things better by trying to find better ways to do things.

b) Courage: The courage to ask tough questions is another trait of Scrum team members. They talk everything freely without any hesitation. This helps to find best answers together.

c) Focus: In Scrum, team members have a list of jobs to do called the "Product backlog." They pick certain jobs to work on and finish them within a set time.

d) Openness: Scrum team members are always open to fresh ideas and opportunities. This helps them learn and grow individually as well as together.

e) Respect: The Scrum team members should respect one another, the Project Managers, and the Scrum process. The respect they show to each other develops the spirit of mutual collaboration and cooperation within the team.

Scrum Process and Strategy

A Scrum Methodology commences with an initial point after which it sets a target for the project plan. The project's stakeholder puts forth these goals while considering the balance between delivering value and optimising cost. As a result, the number of iterations and subsequent deliverables are decided based on these factors. In addition to areas of Software Development, a Scrum Methodology finds its application in other industries. 

Scrum is implemented in a short, periodic time called Sprints, whose duration lies between a fortnight to a month. It is a natural progression of Agile Management, whose methodology is built around a set of practices and roles that must be followed during any development process. A variation of the final product that can be handed over to the end consumer will be provided by each Sprint. Scrum Methodology is a versatile technique that adopts certain Agile principles that bring all the product team members into a common agreement. 

Members representing a Scrum team 
 

Scrum Team Members

A Scrum team is a compact, adaptable group of individuals committed to meeting agreed-upon product milestones. Usually consisting of a small group of people, it finishes a significant amount of work in a sprint. This team comprises the Product Owner, the Scrum Master, and the The Scrum Master Roles and Responsibilities includes maintaining Scrum up to date and offering mentoring and training sessions to teams as per requirement. They are also responsible for removing roadblocks to sprints and ensuring the team has the best conditions to fulfil its goals and generate deliverable products.  Development Team, and they play a crucial role in the team. The three Scrum Roles combined together make Scrum function. 

Outlining the qualities that the product must possess to be built and removing any barriers that might impede the Development Team's task is the primary focus for the Scrum Project owner. A typical team has the following roles: 

Scrum Product Owner 

A Product Owner's responsibility is to collaborate with stakeholders to develop a goal for the product they want to develop and to convey that vision to the team and stakeholders. They prepare a thorough and regularly updated to-do list for the project to ensure the team consistently delivers value to stakeholders and the business. One responsibility of the Product Owner is to maintain the product backlog and to always look for future sprints to ensure the backlog items are prepared for the team. The Product Manager is not usually the same as the Product Owner; they are concerned with ensuring that the Development Team adds the maximum value to the company. 

Scrum Master 

The Scrum Master oversees the entire development process. They ensure that the rules are enforced and applied correctly, and regular meetings with the team are organised.

Learn about using different techniques of Scrum Master and the responsibilities of this role by signing up for our Scrum Master Certification course now! 

Scrum development team 

The Scrum Development Team drives each Sprint's plan. This team consists of specialists with technical competence working together to complete their assigned targets. Using past data and information as a reference, they predict how much work they can complete during one Sprint. Keeping the length of the Sprint constant provides the development team with valuable feedback on their estimation and delivery processes, allowing them to improve their forecasts over time.   

Team members have diverse skill sets and mutually mentor one another to ensure that no single contributor to the team becomes a bottleneck in the work delivery process. All team members work together to ensure the success of the Sprint.  

In short, knowing how to run the process for the team is the role played by the Scrum Master. They also maintain a proper balance with the project's major stakeholders, i.e., the Product Owner. They are responsible for what needs to be created, and the team's developers are responsible for how it should be made. 

Learn how to communicate better with a Scrum team and get insights on the different roles and responsibilities within members of a Scrum by signing up for our Scrum For Teams course now! 

Events in Scrum Methodology 
 

Scrum Events

The Sprints completed by each team in the Scrum Methodology consist of several events, which you can easily map out on Scrum Template. Such events are valuable opportunities to examine and modify the product, process, or both. The events are discussed as under:

Sprint Planning

The Sprint goal that includes the possible way of working and how the selected work will be finished are all decided by the Scrum team. Each Sprint meeting establishes the project's approach based on the stages and deadlines in the Product Backlog. For instance, a Sprint that lasts a month should be planned in a stipulated time duration of eight hours. However, shorter Sprints should have a smaller time duration.

In Scrum, team members set clear goals for the Sprint. By the end of the planning meeting, everyone on the Scrum team understands how they can complete each part of the project during the Sprint.

Daily Scrum Meeting

A Daily Scrum is a short meeting where team members sit together and plan for the day A daily Scrum meeting should be 15 minutes long. It is a brief gathering that happens every day of the Sprint period. A plan for the next day is created after reviewing the activities and assessing the progress and trend until the Sprint ends.

Sprint Review

With stakeholders, the entire Scrum team reviews the work that has been finished and the Sprint's results and decides on any necessary modifications going forward. After reviewing the Sprint's results, the stakeholder should see noticeable improvement and provide feedback, if any, in the final product.  The Product Owner may adjust the list of tasks in the product backlog during the ongoing Sprint.

Sprint Retrospective

The Sprint comes to an end at this point. The Sprint retrospective pinpoints the potential process enhancements and produces a plan to put them into action in the next sprint. In addition, the team reviews Sprint's finished goals, notes both the good and the bad, and comes up with ways to enhance the efficiency and engagement of the team members in the upcoming Sprint. The team gathers to write down and talk about what went well and what didn't go well during the Sprint. This helps them gain ideas to make future Sprints better.

How is Scrum helpful in Project Management? 
 

How is Scrum helpful in Project Management?

The Scrum Methodology is created to support short, focused time duration cycles that concentrate on high-priority customer requirements and incorporate stakeholder and customer reviews earlier in the process. In this section, we will discuss how Scrum Methodology is helpful in Project Management: 

Enhanced client satisfaction 

In Scrum Methodology, features and improvements of any product are much more driven by customers, ultimately resulting in a better product. This is because the capacity to provide real value is possible in one Sprint. The customer begins interacting with the product and giving feedback after the first Sprint, and this process in Project Management continues throughout.    

Better products result in happier customers as they were actively involved in its creation. This serves as another benefit of consistent customer involvement in the process that ultimately leads to increased value and client satisfaction. 

High-quality products 

Frequent communication with customers and stakeholders helps determine whether the product satisfies their needs. This communication happens in a Sprint Review meeting, which is conducted once every two weeks. During this meeting, if they are consulted about the changing requirements needed in the product, then there is a possibility that in the next Sprint Review meeting, the updated product will be demonstrated. As a result, it will drive the potentiality of developing high-quality products. 

Lowers risk and focuses on greater control  

A Scrum Methodology in Project Management enables everyone involved in the project—from the client to the stakeholder, from the developer to the Scrum Master to understand their roles and the timeline for each task. As a result, projects are better managed. In addition, team members regularly communicate and work together to reduce unknowns and unexpected crises. The experience relating to project risk will decrease because there is more focus on working together more efficiently. 

Organisational collaboration through innovation and creativity 

Scrum Methodology in Project Management enables integrated team members such as Product Designers, Product Developers, Testers, and others to leverage their talent and knowledge in addition to the skills they already possess, along with various Scrum Master Career Paths that they can take. This is done by fostering creativity and innovation and combining abilities from different and various disciplines by collaborating in an atmosphere of product development. As a result, this leads to the final product integrating with the best skills of the business organisation. 

How do Scrum and Agile vary from one another?

Agile is a way of thinking in Software Development. It's like a way of working together in a company where everyone tries to get better all the time and make sure they give customers what they really want. Scrum is a tool which helps team to do their work better in the Agile way. It gathers all the important ideas from Agile and provide teams a plan to follow.

How can Scrum development teams adopt DevOps?

DevOps is a way of working that makes it simple for a company to create and deliver software quickly. It does this by bringing together people who make the software and the people who run it. This helps them work together better.

For example, Engineers do many different jobs in making a computer program, like creating it, checking if it works, putting it into use, and keeping it running. This way, they learn lots of different skills, not just one thing.

Conclusion 

After reading this blog, you will have understood the concept of Scrum Methodology, its process, and strategy. In this blog, we explained the roles played by individuals in a typical Scrum project and how this methodology benefits Project Management. The goal of the Scrum Methodology is to promote effective team communication and a better understanding and appreciation of the various roles that each team member plays. The Scrum Methodology improves team satisfaction, productivity, quality, transparency, and customer stakeholders' satisfaction.  

Gain an in-depth understanding of the concepts present in Agile and Scrum and use them together by signing up for our Managing Agile Projects With Scrum course now! 

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