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Scrum Board

Planning, strategising, and managing tasks are crucial to any Agile project. Scrum Framework in Agile provides the Scrum Board to manage tasks efficiently. A Scrum board is the face of your process, a visual status of your sprint, showing your work split across different stages of your workflow. Understand the basics of Scrum Framework, Lifecycle Management and Implementation; register for our Scrum Developer Training course now!

According to the Broad Software survey report, Scrum Task Board helps project teams achieve 250% better quality. This Board may sound like a checklist to some, but it is more than that. It is a visual tool that helps Agile Teams achieve project goals in many incredible ways.  

Now, if you are also thinking of employing this tool in your project, make sure to get entirely familiar with it before using it. Read this blog further to learn -What is a Scrum Board in Agile? How does it work, and what are its various types? 

Table of Contents 

1) What is a Scrum Board? 

2) What does the structure of a Scrum Board look like? 

3) Essential elements of the Scrum Framework 

4) Types of Scrum Boards 

5) How to use Scrum Task Boards?  

6) Advantages of using a Scrum Task Board in Agile  

7) What distinguishes a Scrum Board from a Kanban Board? 

8) Conclusion 

What is a Scrum Board?

Scrum Teams in an Agile Project work according to a given time frame iteration, known as Sprints. These Sprints further follow a checklist where the teams can visually examine the task progress in each Sprint using a visual Board. It is called a Scrum Board.

Although the concept may seem tedious, the impact that it can make is enormous. The Scrum Teams mainly use it to identify upcoming tasks. This helps ensure that each task in the checklist is handled and completed within the Sprint.

It is one of the simplest, most versatile and ideal ways to keep track of and manage tasks in a Sprint. Thus, Scrum Board becomes an indispensable part of a Scrum Framework

Scrum Trainng

What does the structure of a Scrum Board look like? 

A Scrum Task Board, or Sprint Board, can be as simple and complex as the teams want to keep it. In simple terms, the structure of the Task Board entirely depends upon the complexity of the project and the way teams want to handle it.  

A simple Scrum Board example includes three columns that break a project into three sections: ‘Work to Do’, ‘Work in Progress’ and ‘Work Done’. Apart from that, teams can also use sticky notes to place the tasks in the appropriate section and move along as per the project requirements. However, the board can also turn complex, as certain tasks often require rectifications and bottleneck eliminations. Thus, the teams will add and move the sticky notes accordingly.   

The following are the components of the basic Scrum Board structure: 

1) Work to Do: Includes all the main tasks and sub-tasks that need to be done and are not started yet. This section's cards or sticky notes will contain details like due dates and owners. 

2) Work in Progress: Sticky notes in this section contain all the tasks the team is working on. 

3) Work Done: Includes the tasks and sub-tasks that are completed. In this section, the sticky notes contain the completion date, owner’s name, etc. 

Other important components of the structure include: 

1) User Stories: These include brief explanations and criteria to describe how to develop a product. This includes an explanation of the project's features that the user wants to highlight. 

2) Product Backlog: Consists of a list of priority tasks along with other tasks that the Development Team needs to fulfil within the specified Sprint. 

3) Work in Review: Includes the work that is completed but requires testing and reviewing to eliminate the possible bottlenecks. 

4) On Hold: Includes tasks that have been kept on ‘hold’ due to the absence of necessary human or technical resources in the current Sprint

What does the structure of a Scrum Board look like


Thus, visualising tasks of each Sprint across columns can provide the Scrum Teams with an in-depth insight into the amount of work completed, what tasks are pending on their plate, and what still needs to be achieved. 

This way, a Project can work more efficiently, visualising each task correctly and tidily. It can also help teams get organised and clarify priority tasks. 

Essential Element of the Scrum Framework 

Although a basic Sprint Board consists of three sections, many Scrum Boards also have some other vital components that help Scrum Teams get clarity about their tasks. However including or neglecting these components will depend upon your project’s complexity. It also depends on how efficiently the Scrum Teams can understand the project and tasks assigned to them. 

Note that including these components for the task, categorisation can provide a clear picture of the project's status, irrespective of its complexity. Here are the components used in a Scrum Task Board for task categorisation and management: 

Scrum Sprint 

Usually, a Sprint lasts one to four weeks, within which the Teams must finish the assigned tasks and achieve the project goal. Using precisely planned Scrum Boards can assist in visualising the entirety of the Sprints. In addition, it helps the team track their progress and be in line with the project timeline. Finally, Scrum Teams can work in two-four weeks Sprint to complete a project using a well-planned Board. 

Scrum Team 

Broadly, a Scrum Team consists of individuals or groups that work together in Sprints to achieve the project goal. These individuals play the following roles in a Scrum Team: 

1) Product owners: Product Owners are the individuals who determine the project's goal and provide the teams with clarity about the tasks. Additionally, they manage product backlog, prioritise tasks and ensure the team delivers the product to the customer within the timeline. 

2) Scrum masters: Scrum Masters examine the entire Scrum team. They ensure that the team members follow the Scrum Principles sincerely to achieve the project goal. They also facilitate the team to develop an Agile mindset and conduct various events such as Scrum daily meetings. 

3) Product development Teams: This team consists of individuals developing, testing, and delivering high-quality software to fulfil customer needs. The members of this team include developers, testers, and other professionals. 

User Stories 

User Stories are one of the crucial components of Scrum Board’s structure. This component includes the features of a product in Agile Project Management. It means that each story on the Board is assigned a story pointer. It describes the owner’s name and specifies the criteria for product development in a Sprint. 

Product Backlog 

Product backlog includes all the items on the ‘To Do’ list. This component contains the features, user stories, increments, and bottlenecks that need fixing before any future releases. 

Sprint Backlog 

A Sprint Backlog essentially involves the tasks from Product Backlogs that require special attention by the Scrum Team during a specific Sprint. Sprint Backlog is designed before beginning a Sprint. It is during the Sprint planning that the team plans on the tasks they need to fulfil. 


It is another vital component of the Scrum Board. It is held at the end of each Sprint, providing a review and checking for any obstructions. The review includes identifying what and how the tasks were completed. It also checks if the tasks were completed within the specified Sprint. Moreover, it is a reality check for the teams to learn from past mistakes and improve. 

Learn about how to communicate effectively with a Scrum team; register for our Scrum For Teams course now! 

Types of Scrum Boards

Types of Scrum Boards

While working with Agile, choosing between an Online Scrum Board and a Physical Scrum Board isn’t easy. It is often a common question that Scrum teams ask. There are advantages and disadvantages to both options, so let’s have a look at both and see which one is suitable for Scrum Teams:

Physical Scrum Board 

Physical whiteboards are one of the primarily used Scrum Boards. These are the ones with sticky notes placed all over them. Let’s have a look at the features of Physical Scrum Boards: 

1) Easy to create: Physical Boards can be made conveniently on any type of board, including a whiteboard or a corkboard. 

2) Customisable: Reordering the workflow after each Sprint is easily possible. The teams can work on these boards whenever they like. They can even decorate it and theme it according to the project requirements. 

3) Work as a visual reminder: The boards placed in front of the team can help them to become more determined and focused on fulfilling their goals. 

4) Hold daily stand-ups around the Board: Physical Boards allow the teams to hold daily review meetings around it without losing any extra time and resources. 

5) Works only for local teams: If the entire Scrum Team works on the same floor, they can only benefit from the presence of Physical Scrum Boards. 

Online Scrum Board 

Although many teams may have become used to the Physical Boards, they need to understand the importance of Online Boards if they want to sustain themselves in the long run. Here’s why Online Boards can be helpful for Scrum Teams: 

1) Created on a Digital Task Card: Unlike the Physical Boards, Online Boards are built on digital task cards that can be accessible to everyone in the team. 

2) Easily customisable: Online Boards are also customisable. Using the Online Scrum Software, team members can apply filters to view assigned tasks alongside working with the Task Board to manipulate the data. 

3) Generate automatic reports: Teams can be at ease while working with Online Boards as these can generate automated performance reports at the end of each Sprint. These can provide effective project dashboards for management as well. 

4) Provides real-time updates: Unlike Physical Boards, Online Boards do not require a constant check for updates. It also doesn't need each member to personally engage with the Quality Analysis Team whenever testing is done for their tasks. 

5) Beneficial in the long-Term: Whenever teams require to retrieve the data of a previous Sprint or want to plan upcoming Sprints, Online Boards can help them do so with ease. This way, the team can view the position of the tasks seamlessly across sprints. 

6) Accessible to remote teams: Since the Task Card is digitally available, team members can access it across regions. Unlike Physical Boards that only work for local groups, these boards are available even if one of the Sprint Team is on another floor. 

How to use Scrum Task Boards? 

How to Use Scrum Board for Best Results

To fully benefit from Scrum Boards, Scrum Teams should know how to use them efficiently. It can help them to manage tasks and run a project without many obstacles. Here’s the step–by–step guide on how to use Scrum Task Boards for better results: 

Identify user stories 

The first step is to recognise the User Stories correctly. During Sprint Planning, Scrum Team should know what needs to be added to the Product Backlog list. Further, they should also keep in mind the features to be worked on and add those to Sprint Backlog. 

Assign tasks 

After defining user stories, the team breaks them into smaller, individual tasks. All tasks have been relocated to the 'To-Do' column. After the Scrum meeting, your team proceeds to work on each assigned task. 

Work on project tasks 

As the sprint advances, team members move tasks across the board. Tasks typically move from the 'To-do' list to the 'In Progress' or 'In Process' inventory as they are being worked on. The team updates the board during daily scrum meetings, and the Scrum master continually reviews and adjusts progress. 

Finish all tasks 

When a team member finishes a job, they move it from 'To-Do' to 'Done' and start working on the next job in the 'To-Do' column. By the end of the sprint, all tasks from the stories should be moved to the Done column. 

Review sprints 

The Scrum master should conduct a sprint review meeting at the end of each sprint. The Scrum master facilitates discussion of completed and incomplete tasks with stakeholders and the team, identifying and resolving any issues. 

Understand the basics of Scrum Framework, Lifecycle Management and Implementation; register for our Scrum Developer Training course now! 

Advantages of using a Scrum Board in Agile 

Scrum Teams often neglect using Scrum Boards because they fail to understand the importance of these boards. However, these can prove beneficial when used correctly. These Task Boards have many advantages for Scrum Teams. Let’s have a look at the various benefits of Scrum Task Boards: 

Enhances teamwork and communication 

The Scrum task board is a collaborative tool that unites the entire team. The project manager, the Scrum Master, and group members can collect near a task board and discuss who is working on a particular task, what tasks are completed, and where help may be required. 

Easy setup and deployment 

Setting up and using an online board is extremely simple. With project management tools, you can quickly move tasks between different columns on the sprint board in real- time. Additionally, these tools offer robust automation and reporting capabilities to help new users become familiar with Scrum methodology and its boards. 

Easy to identify project complexities 

When using a sprint board, it is likely to remember a task since it visualiszes top priorities and current issues. If any task is pending, has bottlenecks or requires updates, Scrum Task Boards can help solve those. Since every task gets divided into various sections along with its description, it becomes easy to identify where the team lacks and the areas that require improvement.  

What distinguishes a Scrum Board from a Kanban Board? 

Scope of work 

a) Scrum board: A Scrum board follows the work completed within a sprint by a Scrum team and only contains tasks from the current sprint backlog. 

b) Kanban board: A Kanban board is a visual tool that displays the workflow of a project and helps teams manage tasks. 

Work in progress limits 

a) Scrum board: To complete a lot of Work within a single sprint, Scrum teams are allowed to simultaneously have multiple tasks in the 'Work in progress' column. However, ensuring that all the tasks are completed within the deadline is still essential. 

b) Kanban board: Kanban boards limit the number of tasks in progress to boost team productivity. 


a) Scrum board: A single Scrum team owns a Scrum board during a sprint. 

b) Kanban board: Any specific team does not own a Kanban board and is usually devoted to the company’s overall workflow. 

Board Content 

a) Scrum board: Teams break down user stories into tasks and add them to the sprint backlog. Team members work on these tasks. 

b) Kanban board: User stories and sprint backlogs are typically not considered when creating tasks for Kanban boards used by non-technical teams. 


a) Scrum board: Scrum teams use data from task boards to create velocity charts and progress graphs based on completed tasks in each sprint. 

b) Kanban board: Most teams fail to utilise Kanban board data for creating charts or graphs, limiting their potential to visualise progress. 


Scrum Board is an effective way to channel and manage Agile projects. The tasks can be easily divided into sections, and data can also be manipulated according to the project requirements. So, if you are a Project Manager, Scrum Master, Team Member or even a Stakeholder, consider using Task Boards to visualise tasks and follow along. 

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