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ISO 45001 is a globally recognised standard for organisations to establish effective safety management systems. By adhering to ISO 45001 Requirements, organisations can mitigate risks, reduce workplace incidents, and prioritise the well-being of their employees.
According to Health and Safety at Work study, more than 2.78 million people die every year due to work-related injury or illness. These lives can be saved by implementing health and safety standards such as those provided by International Organization for Standardization (ISO). In this blog, you will learn the ISO 45001 Requirements, how to fulfil them and achieve compliance, and a handy checklist.
Table of Contents
1) ISO 45001 Requirements checklist
a) Context of the organisation
b) Leadership and worker participation
2) How to ensure continual compliance with ISO 45001?
3) Checklist to fulfil ISO 45001 Requirements
ISO 45001 sets out specific requirements for implementing a potent occupational health and safety management system. By meeting these requirements, organisations can establish a robust framework to proactively manage risks and improve their workers' overall safety and well-being. Let's explore the key requirements of ISO 45001:
Organisations must understand their internal and external occupational health and safety context. This involves identifying factors influencing their health and safety performance, such as organisational culture, legal requirements, and stakeholder expectations. The following checklist should be followed:
a) Identify internal and external factors that impact health and safety
b) Determine relevant legal and regulatory requirements
c) Understand the organisation's objectives and stakeholder expectations
Top management is vital in demonstrating leadership commitment to occupational health and safety. They should establish a culture that promotes worker participation, consultation, and involvement in decision-making processes regarding health and safety matters. The following checklist should be followed:
a) Demonstrate leadership commitment to health and safety
b) Define roles and responsibilities for health and safety management
c) Encourage worker participation and consultation in decision-making
Organisations need to develop a systematic approach to address risks and opportunities related to occupational health and safety. This includes setting clear objectives, conducting risk assessments, and establishing plans to achieve those objectives and manage identified risks. The following checklist should be followed:
a) Set measurable health and safety objectives
b) Conduct risk assessments to identify hazards and evaluate risks
c) Develop plans to address identified risks and opportunities
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Adequate resources, including personnel, training, and infrastructure, must be provided to support the occupational health and safety management system. Effective communication channels should be established to ensure the flow of information and consultation with workers on health and safety matters. The following checklist should be followed:
a) Allocate necessary resources for health and safety management
b) Provide appropriate training and competency development
c) Establish effective communication channels for health and safety matters
Organisations must implement the planned processes and controls to address identified risks and enhance health and safety performance. This includes hazard identification, incident investigation, emergency preparedness, and establishing procedures for occupational health monitoring. The following checklist should be followed:
a) Implement processes and controls to mitigate risks
b) Establish procedures for incident reporting and investigation
c) Ensure emergency preparedness and response plans are in place
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Regular monitoring and measurement of the occupational health and safety management system's performance are essential. This involves conducting internal audits, evaluating compliance with procedures, and analysing data to assess the system's effectiveness and identify areas for improvement. The following checklist should be followed:
a) Monitor and measure health and safety performance
b) Conduct internal audits to assess compliance and effectiveness
c) Analyse data to identify trends and areas for improvement
Organisations must actively seek opportunities for improving their occupational health and safety performance. This includes taking corrective actions to address non-conformities, implementing preventive measures, and continually reviewing and updating the system to enhance its effectiveness. The following checklist should be followed:
a) Take corrective actions to address non-conformities
b) Continuously seek opportunities for improvement
c) Update the health and safety management system as needed
By fulfilling these requirements, organisations can establish a proactive and systematic approach to managing occupational health and safety. Compliance with ISO 45001 demonstrates a commitment to the well-being of employees, fosters a positive safety culture, and helps Organisations meet legal obligations.
ISO 45001 is a dynamic standard that requires organisations to maintain ongoing compliance to ensure the efficacy of their occupational health and safety management system. To achieve continual compliance, organisations should follow these key steps:
Companies should develop a comprehensive framework that outlines the processes, procedures, and responsibilities for maintaining ISO 45001 compliance. This framework should include regular reviews, audits, and assessments to monitor compliance status.
Organisations must stay updated on the latest revisions and changes to the ISO 45001 standard. Regularly review updates from the ISO organisation, attend training sessions, and engage with industry experts to stay informed about any modifications or new requirements.
You must document and maintain the necessary information required by ISO 45001. This includes policies, procedures, work instructions, and occupational health and safety records. Additionally, the company must ensure that the documented information is accessible, up-to-date, and easily retrievable when needed.
The company must conduct regular internal audits to assess compliance with ISO 45001. Internal audits help identify areas of non-compliance, potential risks, and opportunities for improvement. Use the audit findings to implement corrective actions and continually enhance the health and safety management system.
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The company must address non-conformities and improvement areas identified through internal audits or other monitoring processes. It should also promptly implement corrective actions to rectify non-compliance and prevent recurrence. They must ensure that the corrective actions are effective and aligned with the principles of ISO 45001.
Organisations must define and track the Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) related to occupational health and safety. They must regularly monitor these indicators to measure the performance of the health and safety management systems. In addition, companies must also analyse the data to identify trends, areas for improvement, and opportunities for proactive risk mitigation.
The company must offer employees regular training programs and awareness sessions to ensure they understand the ISO 45001 Requirements and their roles in maintaining compliance. Companies should foster a safety culture by encouraging employees to participate in health and safety initiatives actively.
Organisations must continuously seek improvement opportunities by soliciting employee feedback, conducting management reviews, and benchmarking against industry best practices. They must use the insights gained to enhance health and safety management systems and strive for excellence.
Companies must stay updated on relevant occupational health and safety regulations and ensure compliance with legal requirements. They must regularly review changes in legislation, standards, and industry guidelines to adapt processes and practices accordingly.
If an organisation has achieved external certification for ISO 45001, it must schedule regular recertification audits to demonstrate ongoing compliance with the standard. It must engage with the certification body to understand the recertification process and ensure a smooth transition.
By following these steps, organisations can establish a robust system for continual compliance with ISO 45001. This will help create a safe and healthy work environment, protect employees from occupational hazards, and demonstrate a commitment to excellence in occupational health and safety management.
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Fulfilling ISO 45001 Requirements is vital for organisations to maintain a healthy and safe work environment and ensure continual compliance. By following the instructions outlined in this blog, organisations can proactively monitor and improve their occupational health and safety management system.
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