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What is Agile Methodology

Agile Methodology is a flexible and iterative Project Management strategy that allows teams to provide value quickly while adapting to changing requirements. It empowers teams to embrace efficiency and agility in their project endeavours by enabling them to deliver value fast and adapt to changing needs. Read this blog to explore What is Agile Methodology along with its benefits, and essential steps involved in Agile Project Management. 

Table of Contents 

1) What is Agile?

2) What is Agile Methodology in Project Management?  

3) How to implement Agile Methodology into projects?

4) What is Agile Methodology in software development?

5) Core Principles of Agile Methodology   

6) Agile Methodologies  

7) Steps in Agile Methodology  

8) Benefits of Agile Methodology   

9) Agile Methodology Tools   

10) Using Agile and Waterfall Methodologies

11) Conclusion

What is Agile? 

Agile is a way of working that focuses on delivering value to customers in small and frequent increments rather than in one big launch. Agile teams collaborate closely and adapt to changing requirements and feedback. The Agile model also refers to a set of frameworks and practices that are based on the values and principles of the Agile Manifesto. Some of the most common Agile frameworks are Scrum, Kanban, and Extreme Programming.

Agile teams use various techniques such as Pair Programming, Test-driven Development, Standups, Sprints, and retrospectives to improve their software quality and efficiency. Agile is not only a method for Software Development but also a mindset that fosters innovation, learning, and customer satisfaction.

What is Agile Methodology in Project Management?

Agile Methodology is a part of Project Management.  It is iterative and collaborative that emphasises adaptation, client collaboration, and continual improvement. It was inspired by the Agile Manifesto, a collection of guiding principles created in 2001 by software industry leaders. Agile Methodology places a premium on flexible planning, evolutionary development, the delivery of working solutions as soon as possible, and frequent client feedback.  

The core principles of Agile Methodologies revolve around individuals and interactions, working software, customer collaboration, and responding to change.

Agile Training

How to implement Agile Methodology into projects?

If you want to transform your team’s workflows with Agile principles, follow these steps to implement an Agile Methodology that suits your needs:

Pick the right Agile framework

The first step is to choose an Agile framework that matches your team’s size, project requirements, and experience level.

Some of the most common Agile frameworks are:

a) Scrum: A Project Management approach based on principles

b) Kanban: A visual system for managing workflows and processes

c) Scrumban: A combination of Scrum and Kanban

d) XP: A product development method that focuses on customer satisfaction 

e) APF: A flexible teamwork model that adapts to changing situations.

Build your Agile team

An Agile team is not just any group of people working together. To succeed with Agile methodologies, you need to have a team with clear roles and responsibilities and a culture of collaboration.

Responsibilities of an Agile team are: 

a) Self-organisation: A key feature of an Agile team is the ability to self-organise. In Agile Project Management, the teams and team members are expected to take the initiative and arrange themselves in a way that will optimise their performance. 

b) Cross-functional collaboration: Another essential aspect of an Agile team is the ability to collaborate across functions and departments. Agile teams have to communicate effectively and work closely with various colleagues. 

c) Iteration planning: A specific skill required for Agile Project Management is iteration planning. This involves defining the scope of each sprint according to the product backlog.

Plan the project 

Once you’ve chosen an Agile framework and formed your team, it’s time to plan your project.

Careful planning is one of the secrets to successful Agile Project Management. From the start, you need to spend time clearly defining your project objectives and scope. This will help you avoid unexpected challenges and allow you to divide your project into manageable sprints (if you’re using Scrum).

You may also create a product backlog during the planning phase, which is especially useful for software development projects. The product backlog allows you to assign a priority level to your tasks so everyone on the team knows what they should focus on.

Manage stakeholder expectations 

Before you start your project, it’s important to check in with any key stakeholders to make sure you incorporate their feedback.

Depending on their level of involvement, your project stakeholders may want to be updated regularly or at least receive periodic reports. Creating feedback loops reduces any uncertainty on the stakeholder side and allows you to stay open to change if it’s necessary at any stage of the process.

Measure success 

Measuring project success is vital to making meaningful progress with your Agile Methodology.

By paying attention to what worked and what didn’t during the Project Management process, you can learn valuable lessons to apply to future Agile projects.

There are various ways to effectively track progress and measure success with Agile projects:

a) Daily standups: Short meetings to discuss challenges and find solutions. 

b) Sprint reviews: Casual sessions to present work and solicit team feedback 

c) Retrospectives: Evaluations of past work to inspire and influence future improvement.

 You should also introduce Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) before starting any new major project, as getting specific will help you establish milestones and measure Progress.

What is Agile Methodology in software development? 

Agile is a flexible and customer-centric approach to software development. It involves an iterative and adaptive process that aims to deliver high-quality software products that meet the customer’s needs and expectations. Agile teams are flexible, collaborative, and self-organised, which allows them to respond quickly to changes, deliver products faster, and work together effectively.

Agile Methodology improves software quality by enabling iterative testing. By incorporating customer feedback and conducting multiple iterations and tests, Agile teams can identify and fix any issues along the way and create the best possible software.

The Agile software development life cycle has six simple stages:

a) Concept: Define the project scope and priorities

b) Inception: Form the Agile team based on project requirements 

c) Iteration: Develop code with customer feedback in mind 

d) Release: Test the code and resolve any problems 

e) Maintenance: Provide ongoing tech support to ensure the product works well 

f) Retirement: The end of the product life cycle, which often leads to a new one

Core Principles of Agile Methodology 

The Agile Manifesto consists of four basic values and 12 principles that support development and software delivery. The Agile Methodology uses these values to guide the development and delivery processes. The four principles of Agile Methodology are as follows: 

Individuals and interactions over processes and tools 

Agile places importance on people and their interactions during the project. It values communication and collaboration among the team members, end-users and customers. The Agile Manifesto states successful software development is possible with good team coordination and cooperation. Members that communicate effectively with one another and work towards a single objective can solve difficulties more efficiently. 

Working software over comprehensive documentation 

The Agile Manifesto emphasises the necessity of being customer-centric, which fosters rapid iterations and gradual delivery of actual value to clients. Rather than focusing on thorough documentation, this idea fosters regular iterations and incremental delivery of meaningful value to clients. While documentation is essential, the functionality and quality of the software being created are the major indicators of progress. Teams should focus on the process and delivery of functional software to clients. 

Customer collaboration over contract negotiation 

The Agile Methodology emphasises active customer interaction and collaboration. Regular feedback and open communication guarantee that customer expectations are satisfied and that the final product matches their vision. This principle emphasises the value of customer satisfaction and adaptation to changing needs. Historically, the contract was the most significant component of project development since it supplied specific details about the result. Instead, the emphasis should be on continuous product development. Therefore it is critical to collaborate with the consumers to obtain ideal results. 

Responding to change over following a plan 

By embracing constant planning and adaptation, Agile Methodology accepts change. Requirements and priorities are reviewed and updated regularly based on feedback, which allows for improved responsiveness to changing client needs. Agile teams place importance on flexibility and adaptability, and they are receptive to feedback on new information, make necessary adjustments and provide the most value to consumers. This is why, according to the Agile Manifesto, software teams should always be able to modify their work as needed. 

Learn the Agile approach and philosophy with our Agile Project Management Foundation & Practitioner (AgilePM®) course. Join today! 

Agile Methodologies

Agile is a broad term that covers various methods and practices for software development. The main principles of Agile are customer satisfaction, collaboration, flexibility, and quality. Here are some of the most common Agile methods and what they entail:




Visualises workflow using cards on a board to manage tasks, identify bottlenecks, and track progress.


Organises small teams into short sprints, led by a Scrum Master, with daily meetings for adaptability and reflection.

Extreme Programming (XP)

Emphasises technical excellence with values and practices such as pair programming and test-driven development.

Adaptive Project Framework (APF)

Adapts to changing project conditions, focusing on available resources and customer value.

Extreme Project Management (XPM)

Addresses highly complex projects with constant changes, experiments, and short cycles for results and learning.

Adaptive Software Development (ASD)

Enables quick adaptation to changing requirements through speculation, collaboration, and learning cycles.

Dynamic Systems Development Method (DSDM)

Covers the entire project lifecycle, focusing on business needs, timely delivery, and incremental building.

Feature-Driven Development (FDD)

Organises software development around small, client-valued features, emphasising customer-centric, iterative progress.


Kanban is a method that uses a visual board to show the workflow of tasks. Each task is represented by a card, and each stage of the process is represented by a column. As team members work on tasks, they move the cards across the board. This helps teams to see the progress, identify bottlenecks, and manage the workload.


Scrum is a method that organises small teams around short iterations called sprints. Each sprint has a goal and a timebox, usually two weeks. The Scrum master leads the team, facilitating the process and removing obstacles. The team meets daily to discuss the status, issues, and plans. At the end of each sprint, the team reviews the results and reflects on how to improve.

Extreme Programming (XP)

XP focuses on the technical aspects of software development. It emphasises values such as communication, simplicity, feedback, courage, and respect. It also involves practices such as pair programming, test-driven development, continuous integration, and frequent releases. XP is ideal for teams seeking to deliver high-quality software promptly while adapting to evolving customer requirements.

Adaptive Project Framework (APF)

APF is a method that adapts to the changing conditions and resources of a project. It is mainly used for IT projects that have a high level of uncertainty and complexity. APF assumes that the project scope, budget, timeline, and team can change at any time. APF focuses on the available resources and the customer value rather than the predefined plan.

Extreme Project Management (XPM)

XPM is a method that deals with very complex and uncertain projects. It involves constant changes, experiments, and iterations. XPM requires a lot of flexibility and creativity from the team. It also uses short cycles, usually a few weeks, to deliver results and learn from feedback. XPM is ideal for projects that have a high risk and a high reward.

Adaptive Software Development (ASD) 

ASD is a method that enables teams to quickly adapt to changing requirements. It follows a cycle of speculation, collaboration, and learning. The team speculates on the possible solutions, collaborates on the development, and learns from the feedback. ASD is a non-linear and dynamic process that allows for continuous improvement and innovation.

Dynamic Systems Development Method (DSDM) 

DSDM is a method that covers the entire project lifecycle. It is more structured and rigorous than other Agile methods. It has eight principles, such as focusing on the business need, delivering on time, and building incrementally. It also has roles such as project manager, business analyst, and solution developer. DSDM is suitable for large-scale and long-term projects that need a comprehensive and consistent approach.

Feature-Driven Development (FDD) 

FDD is a method that organises software development around features. Features are small, client-valued functions that can be delivered in a short time. FDD follows five steps: develop the overall model, build the feature list, plan by feature, design by feature, and build by feature. FDD is customer-centric, iterative, and incremental. It also uses status reporting at all levels to track progress and results. FDD is a good option for teams that want a simple but effective Agile method that can scale across the organisation.

Steps in Agile Methodology

steps of Agile Methodology
Agile Methodology allows teams to produce value rapidly, adapt to changing requirements, and promote continuous improvement. The following are the essential steps in Agile Methodology: 

Project initiation: Define project goals, objectives, and stakeholders, as well as the vision and scope of the project, before forming an Agile project team and identifying high-level requirements and constraints. 

Product backlog creation: Work with stakeholders to define user stories, prioritise them based on business value and stakeholder demands, break them into manageable tasks, and keep a dynamic product backlog.  

Sprint planning: Choose a set of prioritised user stories for the sprint, describe the aim and deliverables by breaking user stories down into tasks and estimating effort, and construct a sprint backlog of activities to be performed. 

Daily stand-up: Team members should hold daily stand-up meetings to discuss what they accomplished the day before and what they will work on the following day. These discussions should last no more than 15 minutes and are not intended to be lengthy problem-solving sessions. To keep it brief, some teams hold them standing up. 

Sprint review and retrospective: It is a critical step in the sprint process. A review shows the completed work to stakeholders, collects comments, conducts an accomplishment review, updates the product backlog, and reflects on the team's performance, processes, and practises. The purpose of a retrospective is to identify successes, areas for improvement, and potential solutions, as well as to discuss and prioritise changes and to build a culture of continuous learning. 

Repeat and adapt: Repeat the sprint cycles, refine and reprioritise product backlog, analyse and adapt team procedures, tools, and practises for continuous improvement, welcome feedback, and cultivate a continuous learning and evolution mindset. 

Acquire the knowledge of Agile to ensure a final solution that meets business’ needs. Join our Agile Overview training. 

Benefits of Agile Methodology 

Agile Methodology provides several benefits that help to project success and performance. The following are some benefits of Agile Methodology: 

Customer satisfaction 

Agile Methodology emphasises customer participation and feedback, allowing customers to provide input, monitor progress, and influence project direction, resulting in increased customer satisfaction. 

Flexibility and adaptability 

Agile teams embrace change and adapt to shifting requirements and market dynamics through iterative development and feedback loops. They can react fast to new insights, priorities, and business situations, allowing the project to be aligned with the needs of stakeholders. 

Improved team collaboration and communication 

Agile Methodology encourages a collaborative and cross-functional team atmosphere, promoting effective communication, information sharing, and collective decision-making. Daily stand-up meetings, sprint reviews, and retrospectives improve cooperation, transparency, and accountability, resulting in increased team morale, productivity, and ownership. 

Early risk identification and management 

Agile Methodology emphasises routine inspection and adaption to identify potential risks and concerns. Frequent iterations and feedback loops allow teams to identify and manage risks, allowing them to address problems and stay on course. 

Continuous improvement 

Agile Methodology supports continuous learning and improvement culture, with regular retrospectives to analyse performance and identify improvement areas. Lessons learnt from previous iterations are incorporated into succeeding iterations, resulting in a more streamlined and efficient development process. 

Enhance team moral 

Agile teams are self-organised and self-managing, which gives them more autonomy and authority. The cross-functional character of the project allows participants to learn new Project Management Skills. The small team size allows for tight collaboration and adaptable team formations. 

Improved quality 

Agile methodologies employ an iterative approach to Project Management. This emphasis on improvement and quality control, one of Agile's basic principles, contributes to creating excellent products. After each sprint, testing is an essential component of the process, and Agile Project Managers guarantee coordination between the client and the team throughout the project. Agile also emphasises feedback and communication, allowing the team to uncover and fix errors faster and optimise code throughout development. 

Task optimisation and predictability 

Agile Methodology enables increased visibility, risk prediction, and effective risk mitigation strategies. Furthermore, Agile approaches improve overall project predictability since the team estimates the time and cost of each sprint and changes accordingly if anything is built quicker or takes longer than predicted initially. 


Agile Methodology, in contrast to traditional Project Management Methodologies, provides openness by offering visibility in a project's progress, tasks, and priorities. Stakeholders are invited to assess and provide input on the changing product frequently. Increased stakeholder participation generates a sense of ownership, builds trust, and lowers the danger of misplaced expectations. It also relies on customer participation to ensure a high transparency level for all the parties involved. 

Join our Agile Project Management Foundation (AgilePM®) course today to learn effective Project Management. 

Agile Methodology Tools 

Agile methodologies have grown in popularity, resulting in the creation of tools and software to aid in deploying and managing Agile projects. These technologies make it easier for Agile teams to collaborate, plan, track, and communicate. 

Active Collab 

Active Collab is an Agile Methodology tool that is a low-cost solution for small enterprises. It includes document management capabilities, email-based communication tools, priority and task control, and budgeting capabilities. It is easy, has excellent support, and also supports iOS apps. The feature to bill the clients directly from the app gives it added benefit. It costs £798/- for self-hosting and £5.99/member/month for more than 3 members. 


VersionOne is popular Project Management software due to its straightforward user interface, configurable for any Agile methods, and easy-to-understand reporting capabilities. It also integrates with a wide range of Application Lifecycle Management (ALM) development tools, including Jira, GIT, HP Quality Centre, and Microsoft Visual Studio.  

It is simple to use, has excellent integration systems, and is suitable for remote teams. On the flip side, it has an overabundance of features, and the free version is severely constrained. 

Cost: Free for one project and one team; scalable up to £142 per month and beyond depending on the number of users and features. 

Pivotal Tracker 

Pivotal Labs built Pivotal Tracker, a software development firm. It is simple to use, has an iOS app, and provides a variety of feedback mechanisms. It is excellent for Agile software development, includes numerous integrations, and is free for individuals and public projects. It costs £10.10 per month for five collaborators and £202 per month for 50 collaborators. 


Using the Kanban paradigm, Trello is a web-based Project Management solution that employs boards, lists, and cards to visually express work. For increased productivity, it includes features like task assignments, due dates, file attachments, and interaction with other projects. It is priced at £4.85 per month. 


SprintGround is a software solution designed specifically for software engineers. In addition to typical bug-tracking functionality, it features a structure that encourages engineers to consider feature requests, comments, and questions.  

SprintGround is ideal for software development since it emphasises customer-driven product development and includes several typical Scrum features, such as burndown charts.  

The pricing starts with a monthly fee of £20.83 for eight users, unlimited projects, and 1GB of storage. SprintGround charges £4.34 per user per month for businesses with more than 21 collaborators. 

Learn how to prepare for Agile Projects with our Agile Project Management Practitioner (AgilePM®). Sign up today! is a flexible team collaboration and Project Management platform ideal for Agile projects. It includes customisable boards, task tracking, and visual progress indicators to help you organise sprints and track project timelines and milestones. 

Using Agile and Waterfall Methodologies 

Some projects may require a combination of both Agile and Waterfall Methodologies. This hybrid approach can allow teams to use the Waterfall method for planning and design and the Agile method for development. This way, teams can have a clear and detailed plan upfront and also deliver working software in short and frequent cycles. This can help teams to balance the benefits of both methodologies and cope with the challenges of complex and changing projects.


To succeed in today’s fast-paced world, you need to know What is Agile Methodologies. Agile is a way of managing projects that embrace change, listen to customers, and improve constantly. Agile helps you work with your team to create solutions that deliver value and quality. Agile is not just a set of rules but a mindset and a culture that empowers you to adapt, collaborate, and innovate in any situation.

Learn about Lean-Agile leadership to improve organisational systems. Register now for the Certified Scaled Agile Framework Leading SAFe® 6.0 Training And Exam

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the four principles of Agile? faq-arrow

The four principles of Agile are derived from the Agile Manifesto, which states that agile teams value:

a) Individuals and interactions over processes and tools

b) Working software over comprehensive documentation

c) Customer collaboration over contract negotiation

d) Responding to change by following a plan

What is meant by sprint in Agile? faq-arrow

A sprint is a time-boxed period of 1-4 weeks when a scrum team works to complete a set amount of work. Sprints are the core of Scrum, which is a popular agile framework. Sprints allow teams to deliver working software frequently, adapt to changing requirements, and collaborate effectively. Each sprint consists of several events, such as sprint planning, daily Scrum, sprint review, and sprint retrospective, where the team plans, executes, inspects, and adapts their work.

What is agile best used for? faq-arrow

Agile is best used for projects that have a high level of uncertainty, complexity, and change. Agile Methodology allows teams to break down complex projects into manageable increments, deliver value quickly, and adapt to changing needs and feedback. Agile is also suitable for projects that require cross-functional collaboration, customer involvement, and continuous improvement. Agile is widely used in software development, but it can also be applied to other types of projects and organisations.

What are the other resources and offers provided by The Knowledge Academy? faq-arrow

The Knowledge Academy takes global learning to new heights, offering over 30,000 online courses across 490+ locations in 220 countries. This expansive reach ensures accessibility and convenience for learners worldwide.  

Alongside our diverse Online Course Catalogue, encompassing 17 major categories, we go the extra mile by providing a plethora of free educational Online Resources like News updates, blogs, videos, webinars, and interview questions. Tailoring learning experiences further, professionals can maximise value with customisable Course Bundles of TKA.  

The Knowledge Academy’s Knowledge Pass, a prepaid voucher, adds another layer of flexibility, allowing course bookings over a 12-month period. Join us on a journey where education knows no bounds. 


What are related Agile courses and blogs provided by The Knowledge Academy? faq-arrow

Discover Agile courses with The Knowledge Academy, offering Agile Project Management Foundation and Practitioner courses. Designed for diverse skill levels, these courses provide a comprehensive understanding of Project Management methodologies

Whether you are starting your journey or aiming to elevate your Project Management expertise, immerse yourself in our Project Management blogs to discover more insights!

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