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Structure of the GDPR

The GDPR replaces Replaces Directive 95/46/EC and the UK Data Protection Act (1998), and has extensive laws that are delineated in 99 articles, 173 recitals - that give guidance on how to follow and interpret the articles - and the GDPR principles that simplify required compliance procedures.

GDPR Articles

The 99 articles are split into 11 distinguished chapters to enable Data Controllers, Processors, and Protection Officers to appreciate the GDPR laws that must be adhered to, including:

  • General Provisions
  • Principles
  • Rights of Data Subject
  • Controller & Processor
  • Transfers of personal data to third countries or international organisations
  • Independent Supervisory Authorities
  • Cooperation & consistency
  • Remedies, liability & penalties
  • Provisions relating to specific processing situations
  • Delegated acts and implementing acts
  • Final provisions

GDPR Principles

GDPR Principles

Description of GDPR Principles

Legality, Transparency, & Fairness Principle

Data shall be processed lawfully, fairly and transparently in order to comply with the GDPR

Purpose Limitation Principle

Data must have a pre-stated explicit purpose of intent prior to collection and should not be processed in a manner that deviates away from this purpose

Minimisation Principle

Only the minimum amount of data should be collected that is required for the  processing purpose

Accuracy Principle

Data should be accurate and kept up to date – if data is found to be inaccurate, it should be rectified without delay or erased

Storage Limitation Principle

Data that permits identification of Data Subjects must only be stored for the required amount of time to meet its purpose, and no longer

Integrity & Confidentiality Principle

Security of data should be maintained throughout processing and storage in order to ensure that no unlawful data processing, access, or damage occurs

Accountability Principle

The Controller is responsible and accountable for data processing compliance